She Loves You/I'll Get You (released August 23, 1963)
I Want to Hold Your Hand/This Boy (released November 29, 1963)
All My Loving: All My Loving/Ask Me Why/Money/P.S. I Love You (released February 7, 1964)
Long Tall Sally: I Call Your Name/Slow Down/Long Tall Sally/Matchbox (released June 19, 1964)
(available on The Beatles Compact Disc EP Collection)
With the Beatles: iTunes Digital Download (released November 2010)
Watch the Beatles in England in 1963 perform "She Loves You" and "Twist and Shout" from "The Beatles Come To Town" news report
American Rock 'n' Roll
Since most rock and roll music was being produced in the United States during the 1950's and early 1960's, no one ever dreamed that a band from Britain would surpass the King of Rock and Roll, Elvis Presley.
But the Beatles had an advantage over many American artists in their formative years.
Unlike most places in the U.S., in Liverpool, the teenaged Beatles were exposed to both black and white singers and musicians.
In the 1950's, the U.S. was still heavily segragated. The segregation extended to radio stations as well. Black singers were usually not played on white radio stations, and visa versa.
Living in Liverpool had a dual advantage for the Beatles:
1) Liverpool was a port where sailors would bring home records from the U.S. that most British teens were not exposed to due to the government controlled BBC, and
2) Liverpool had a racial diversity which enabled the white and black cultures to feed off of each other musically.
For further information on how Liverpool and Hamburg influenced The Beatles, read the article: "A Tale of Two Cities" from the book The Beatles: 10 Years That Shook the World
Beatles 50th Anniversary Series:
Lennon and McCartneyIn 1963, The Mersey Beat sound was sweeping Britain, and Brian Epstein decided to manage more bands from Liverpool.
He offered songs penned by Lennon/McCartney to several other bands including Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas and Peter and Gordon, who as a result, found success under Brian's management.
John Lennon and Paul McCartney began writing songs together in 1957 after Paul joined John's group, The Quarrymen.
Buddy Holly provided inspiration as a songwriter who sang his own songs. In the early days, John and Paul wrote over 100 songs together, many of which were lost years later when Jane Asher (Paul's then girlfriend) threw them out by mistake while cleaning house.
There was no set formula of one writing the lyrics and the other writing the melody. Both John and Paul had talent in both areas.
After the Beatles became famous, John and Paul rarely wrote together, but continued to incorporate feedback from each other into their songs.
The unwritten rule was that whoever sang lead usually wrote the song.
As songwriters, Lennon and McCartney were both critically acclaimed on their individual merits.
But over the years, stereotypes evolved that Paul tended to write pop-style love songs ("Yesterday") and John wrote thehard-edged rockers ("Revolution").
Further analysis of their music catalog shows that Paul wrote rockers as well ("Paperback Writer"), just as John wrote love songs ("In My Life").
As a result, the partnership proved to be beneficial mainly as a competition. Whether consciously or sub-consciously, each partner's next song was influenced by their co-writer's last song. And each song was afforded two perspectives instead of just one.
Beatles 50th Anniversary Series:
The Official Beatles Fan ClubBrian Epstein played a large role in publicity for the Beatles.
Brian took the existing Beatles Fan Club, formed in 1961 in Liverpool, and hired the Fan Club secretary, Freda Kelly, to run the Fan Club through NEMS.
In 1963, the headquarters was moved to London with a staff fronted by a fictitious secretary named Anne Collingham.
Members received membership cards, photographs, newsletters, special offers, and of course, the idea suggested by Beatles' publicist Tony Barrow-- special Beatles Christmas records.
These special Christmas messages were recorded every year from 1963 to 1969 and sent exclusively to all members of the Official Beatles Fan Club.
While the fan club was not profitable, it was subsidized by Brian and the Beatles. The club reached a peak of 80,000 members in 1965.
Meanwhile, other unofficial branches of the fan club opened up all over the world. The London office closed in the late '60's, and the club was again run by Freda Kelly in Liverpool.
The club officially closed in 1972.
Beatles 50th Anniversary Series:
Fun Fact: In 2013, a documentary was released about Freda Kelly, the secretary of The Beatles fan club. 'Good Ol' Freda' explores Kelly's personal and working relationship with The Beatles.
The Beatles in London, EnglandThe Beatles were becoming more and more popular by the day in 1963. They had busy schedules making TV and radio appearances and performing live all over Great Britain. The Beatles appeared several times on BBC radio, and eventually they had their own radio series called "Pop Go the Beatles." (Many of these live performances were later released on a double-CD set called "Live at the BBC".)
The Beatles personal lives were changing just as rapidly. In the Summer of 1963, Brian and the Beatles decided they all needed to move to London.
By April 1963, John had a wife and child to care for. In August 1962, John married girlfriend Cynthia Powell after she discovered she was pregnant.
On April 8, 1963, Julian Lennon was born. Brian urged the couple to keep the marriage and the baby quiet for the sake of public relations, i.e. appeal to the teenage girls.
John and Cynthia move to an apartment in London.
In April 1963, Paul meets Jane Asher, a 17-year-old actress from a prominent London family. He moves into his own room in the Asher family house in London for the next two years, while dating Jane.
Meanwhile, George and Ringo share an apartment in London.
With a continuous string of hit records, The Beatles were becoming rich and famous.
They were so popular in England that they were asked to play at the Royal Variety Performance for the Queen of England on Nov. 4, 1963.
They were such a hit that the next day, they were the headline in all the papers. The Daily Express proclaimed "Beatles Rock Royals," while the Daily Mirror coined the term "Beatlemania."
Watch the Beatles' performance in November 1963 at the Royal Variety Show where John makes his famous remark:
The Beatles were becoming known for their sense of humor and charm especially when dealing with the press.
This ability to come up with sarcastic one-liners made a huge impact when the Beatles first came to America.
For further information on how the Beatles interacted with the press, read "The Beatles: Image and the Media"
Capitol Records Signs The BeatlesWhile the Beatles were a huge success in England, they found little success in America by the end of 1963. Since EMI had begun releasing Beatles records in 1962 in Great Britain, their U.S. affiliate, Capitol Records refused to release them in the United States.
As a result, Brian Epstein made deals with other records labels in the States to release early Beatles hits.
Vee-Jay released the singles "Please Please Me" and "From Me To You" with little success.
They also released an album in early 1964 called "Introducing the Beatles."
(Read Bruce Spizer's books, "Songs, Pictures and Stories of the Fabulous Beatles Records on Vee-Jay" and "The Beatles Swan Song: She Loves You & Other Records" for more information on the pre-Capitol years)
Finally, the Beatles record "I Want to Hold Your Hand" written purposely with more of an appeal for the American market. But the Capitol Records executive turns it down.
Brian will not take no for an answer this time, so he calls the head of the record company, Alan Livingston, and demands to know why they are turning down the Beatles yet again.
Livingston had not heard the record. At Brian's request, Livingston listens to the record and agrees to release it on the Capitol label.
The Beatles being signed to the US record label of Capitol Records sets in motion a sequence of events enabling The Beatles to conquer America.
Continue to the third Beatles album, A Hard Day's Night